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Providing DUI Legal Defense Strategies for Women
SPECIAL DUI ISSUES FOR WOMEN
Alcohol affects diverse individuals differently. There are many variables such as stomach content, time of drinking, etc. that affect how it is absorbed into the blood and therefore how it gets to the brain. Alcohol is absorbed into the body through the intestines, not the stomach. When alcohol is consumed, it passes from the stomach and intestines into the blood. This is a process referred to as absorption. Alcohol is then metabolized by enzymes. In the liver, an enzyme called alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) mediates the conversion of alcohol to acetaldehyde. Acetaldehyde is rapidly converted to acetate by the other enzymes and is eventually metabolized to carbon dioxide and water.
Just as a given amount of alcohol effects people differently, men and women absorb alcohol differently. Women reach a higher BAC faster because they have less water in their bodies and more adipose tissue (fat), which is not easily penetrated by alcohol. Because of their lower proportion of lean body mass, women absorb alcohol more rapidly than men. Women also have lower total body water content than men of comparable size. After alcohol is consumed, it diffuses uniformly into all body water, both inside and outside cells. Because alcohol mixes with body water, a given amount of alcohol becomes more highly concentrated in a woman's body than in a man's. Simply put, DUI issues for a man are not the same as DUI issues for women.