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DUI Reckless Speed Enhancement

DUI RECKLESS SPEED ENHANCEMENT

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Learn More About California’s DUI Reckless Speed Enhancement – Mandatory 60-Days Jail

DUI RECKLESS SPEED ENHANCEMENT – CVC 23582

Where it is pled and proven (or admitted) that a defendant drove 30 or more m.p.h. over the maximum, prima facie, or posted speed limit on a freeway, or 20 or more m.p.h. over the maximum, prima facie, or posted speed limit on any other street or highway, and that he did so in violation of CVC §23103 (i.e., reckless driving) while concurrently violating Vehicle Code §§ 23152 or 23153, an additional and consecutive term of 60 days jail shall be imposed. CVC § 23582. However, the Court does retain discretion to strike the enhancement in the interests of justice. CVC § 23582(c).

RECKLESS DRIVING VERSUS THE DUI RECKLESS SPEED ENHANCEMENT

Where the enhancement is based solely on a “reckless driving” allegation, speed alone is generally insufficient to prove the enhancement. People v. Thurston (1963) 212 Cal.App.2nd 713,714-715. See also, People v. Edwards (1976) 18 Cal.3rd 796 and People v. Yarborough (1998) 65 Cal.App.4th 1417 which can be used to argue improper dual use of facts.

APPLICABLE CALIFORNIA JURY INSTRUCTIONS

Where the enhancement is based solely on a “reckless driving” allegation, speed alone is generally insufficient to prove the enhancement. People v. Thurston (1963) 212 Cal.App.2nd 713,714-715. See also, People v. Edwards (1976) 18 Cal.3rd 796 and People v. Yarborough (1998) 65 Cal.App.4th 1417 which can be used to argue improper dual use of facts.

CALJIC 16.841 provides that:

The rate of speed at which a vehicle is driven considered as an isolated fact and simply in terms of so many miles per hour is not alone proof of reckless driving . . . but is a factor to be considered . . . in light of all the surrounding circumstances. . .

People v. Nowell (1941) 45 Cal.App.2nd Supp. 811-814 (speeding may constitute recklessness based on the surrounding circumstances) The Nowell Court noted:

The word “wantonness” includes the elements of consciousness of one’s conduct, intent to do or omit the act in question, realization of the probable injury to another, and a reckless disregard of the consequences. [Citations]

The word “willful” in this connection means ‘intentional’ [Citations]. The intention referred to relates to the disregard of safety, not merely to the act done in disregard thereof.

See also CALCRIM 2200 and the use notes which also refer to the Nowell case.

To establish the offense of reckless driving in violation of CVC § 23103, it must be shown that the defendant drove his/her vehicle and intentionally did an act with the knowledge that injury to another was probable or acted with a wanton and reckless disregard for the safety of others and in reckless disregard of the consequences of his acts. People v. Allison (1951) 101 Cal.App.2d Supp. 932.

The act of driving the vehicle while under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs or a combination thereof does not, in and of itself constitute a willful or wanton disregard for the safety of other persons and/or property. People v. Clenney (1958) 165 Cal.App.2nd 241, 248. Note also that CVC § 23582(d) specifically provides that: “A finding of driving in that manner shall be based on facts in addition to the fact that the defendant was driving while under the influence of alcohol, any drug, or both, or with a specified percentage of alcohol in the blood.”

ORANGE COUNTY DUI DEFENSE ATTORNEYS

If you were charged with a DUI Reckless Speed Enhancement – CVC-23582 in Orange County, California, contact Orange County DUI Defense Attorney Peter F. Iocona, Attorney at Law for a Free DUI Consultation and Case Evaluation regarding any legal and/or factual defenses that may exists as a result of a DUI Reckless Speed Enhancement – CVC-23582 in Orange County, California.

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